MEGILLAT YUḤASIN (Heb. מְגִלַּת יֻחֲסִין; "genealogical scroll"), a work mentioned by tannaim and amoraim as having been found in Jerusalem and containing genealogical information on traditions of importance in halakhah and in aggadah. Simeon b. Azzai (the tanna living at the beginning of the second century C.E.) relates that he found a Megillat Yuḥasin "in Jerusalem in which was written: so and so is a mamzer from a married woman" (Mishnah Yev. 4:13). A baraita in the Babylonian Talmud (Yev. 49b) adds in his name that this Megillat Yuḥasin also included the following two traditions: "the Mishnah (teaching) of Eliezer b. Jacob is little but well sifted; (King) Manasseh killed (the prophet) Isaiah" (Yev. 49b). Similarly Levi (the amora of the end of the third century) states that he found in the Megillat Yuḥasin in Jerusalem   details of the family origin of Hillel, Yose, Nehemiah, Ḥiyya, Yannai, and others (TJ, Ta'an. 4:2, 68a; Gen. R. 98:10; ed. Theodor-Albeck, 1259). Josephus too (Apion, 1:30ff.) testifies to the existence of genealogical documents in Israel, particularly of priestly families. According to him, the priests in Egypt and in Babylon notified the center in Jerusalem of details of their marriages and of the patriarchal families into which they married. The Talmud (Pes. 62b) also mentions a "Sefer Yuḥasin," but it does not appear to have any connection with the aforementioned Megillat Yuḥasin. It is difficult to determine its exact nature from the data given in the Talmud, but it seems to have been a kind of Midrash or baraita to the Book of Chronicles. According to Rashi (Pes. 62b), the work contained "reasons for the Laws of the Torah," but from a statement of amram Gaon (Oẓar ha-Ge'onim to Pes., p. 80, no. 190) it seems that the work served as a commentary and supplement to the genealogical lists in the biblical books. The Talmud there states that Simlai requested Johanan to teach him Sefer Yuḥasin but the latter refused to accede to his request. It also states in the name of Rav that from the time the Sefer Yuḥasin was concealed the sages became weak and their vision was dimmed. (Yitzhak Dov Gilat)

Encyclopedia Judaica. 1971.

Игры ⚽ Поможем решить контрольную работу

Look at other dictionaries:

  • AHIMAAZ BEN PALTIEL — (b. 1017), chronicler and poet of Capua, south Italy. In 1054 when he removed to Oria, the place of origin of his family, he compiled Megillat Yuḥasin ( The Scroll of Genealogies ), also known as Megillat Aḥima aẓ ( The Ahimaaz Scroll or the… …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • POETRY — This article is arranged according to the following outline (for modern poetry, see hebrew literature , Modern; see also prosody ): biblical poetry introduction the search for identifiable indicators of biblical poetry the presence of poetry in… …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • JUDAH LOEW (Liwa, Loeb) BEN BEZALEL — (known as Der Hohe Rabbi Loew and MaHaRaL mi Prag; c. 1525–1609), rabbi, talmudist, moralist, and mathematician. Judah Loew was the scion of a noble family which hailed from Worms. His father, Bezalel b. Ḥayyim, was the brother in law of R. Isaac …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • BEILINSON (Belinson), MOSES ELIEZER — (1835–1908), Hebrew and Yiddish writer and publisher. He was born in Dubrovna (Russia). In 1860 he published a brochure Ẓevi la Ẓaddik containing an apologia for Judaism and an attack upon Christianity and Karaism. He translated Ludwig Philippson …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • BIOGRAPHIES AND AUTOBIOGRAPHIES — Apart from the Book of nehemiah , which may well be considered an autobiography, josephus apologetic Vita, and hagiographic works, autobiographies and biographies are completely unknown among Jews in ancient times. The first biography known is… …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • YIḤUS — (Heb. יִחוּס, biblical Heb. יִחוּשׂ; genealogy ), common term for family records, derived from the root יחס ( relationship ). The term is first found in the later books of the Bible, where it means genealogical lists (e.g., I Chron. 9:1, So all… …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • Isaac ben Samuel of Acre — (fl. 13th 14th century) (Hebrew: יצחק בן שמואל דמן עכו, Yitzhak ben Shmuel d min Akko ) was a kabbalist who lived in the Land of Israel. According to Azulai ( Shem ha Gedolim ) he was a pupil of Nahmanides. He was at Acre when that town was taken …   Wikipedia

  • BOOKS — Production and Treatment The history of Hebrew bookmaking is as old as the history of the Jewish people and goes back for more than 3,000 years. It may be divided into three periods: from earliest times to the final editing of the Talmud (sixth… …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • LITERATURE, JEWISH — Literature on Jewish themes and in languages regarded as Jewish has been written continuously for the past 3,000 years. What the term Jewish literature encompasses, however, demands definition, since Jews have lived in so many countries and have… …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • SILANO — (ninth century), one of the first Jewish liturgical poets in Italy. Silano is said by ahimaaz , in his Sefer Yuḥasin (= Megillat Aḥima aẓ), to have been one of the scholars of Venosa in southern Italy. Once an emissary of the Jerusalem yeshivah… …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”